Individuals are travelling further to get to work but the volume of commuters is falling as more staff work at home, according to official figures.

According to Census statistics, the average distance travelled to operate in England and Wales increased from 8.3 miles (13.4km) in 2001 to 9.32 miles (15km) in 2011.

Those living in the Midlands and south west England had the largest rise in average distance travelled between 2011 and 2001 - going an extra 1.36 miles (2.2km).

In 2011, commuters living in the east of England travelled furthest (10.34 miles/ 16.6km) while Londoners had the shortest average commutes - 6.83 miles (11km).

People working from home has risen

The number of people working mainly from home increased from 9.2% in 2001 to 10% in the year 2011, with a further 8% having no fixed place of work or working offshore.

As a result, only 81% made a regular commute in the year 2011 compared with 86% in 2001.

In both 2001 and 2011, men commuted further than woman. In 2001, 39% of males and 25% of females commuted over 6.2 miles (10km ).

By 2011, the rates of commuting such distances had increased to 42% for guys and 30% for females.

Professional workers more likely to commute

With the exception of those living in London, workers in managerial and professional occupations were very likely to commute 12.4 miles (20 km) or more.

The real difference with other occupation groups was not so noticeable for London residents, where skilled trade workers were most likely to commute 12.4 miles (20km) or more.

Full-time workers commuted longer distances this year than their part-time counterparts.

While 55% of part-time workers commuted below 3.6 miles (5km), 38% of full time workers did the same.

'UK business is getting on the road'

The figures came from work for National Statistics, which revealed today that the number of people aged 16 to 74 living in London who cycled to work more than doubled between 2001 and 2011, from 77,000 to 155,000.

AA spokesman Luke Bosdet said: These latest figures seem to confirm the trend shown in recent Department for Transport traffic statistics - that UK business is recovering and getting on the road, the workers a lot less so.

He went on: Although economic recovery has lifted motorway traffic 2.9% ever since the boom time of 2007, last year's traffic on rural main roads was down 2%, urban main roads was down 4%, rural minor roads was 6. per cent lower and traffic was 4.3% lower on urban minor roads.

A lot of this is caused by the lag between inflated pump wages and prices that have failed to keep pace.

Santa Paula Chevrolet

There are those pivotal talk that you had along with your mother or father if you were a youngster, and somehow they managed to get seem so simple! Actually, that’s not even remotely true. Nearly all “those talks” are clumsy at best, and usually significantly more is not said than actually muttered out loud. With that being said, my dad has historically done a very good job. Whether it’s about girls or grades, and now that I’m older, women and career, my father has never failed to offer eloquent advice in a non-threatening and not embarrassing tone. I’ll never forget my first “birds and the bees” talk with him. He asked me if I wished to take a drive in his old sports car. It was a 1989 Nissan 300ZX, so obviously I said yes. I mean, what junior high school graduation student doesn’t want to go cruising along the boulevard in a miniature rocket ship? If we hit the open road, the conversation began, and so i could tell that he was only a hair nervous.

He was completely honest with me, and didn’t treat any of the material as though it were almost anything to be embarrassed with or to avoid talking about. That, along with the reality that I was already happily in the shotgun seat of his car, made the afternoon a delight and the conversation a complete success.

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The important thing to raising the important stuff with your kids is to respect them as well as to treat them like adults. I’ve noticed that people often act how others treat them, so do a favor, and treat your children the way you’d want to be treated. Like an adult. Another great tip is to do something that they enjoy. It’s nice to have a bit of a buffer involving the serious context of the conversation and the truth that you’re getting the conversation by any means. My dad knows me well, that’s why he chose for us to go for a long drive. It might additionally be a good idea to throw the ball around or get a hike. Activities such as these offer needed respite for processing.

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Getting a test drive with your son or daughter will offer the very best of all worlds. The gravity of your conversation will be diluted in the excitement of getting behind the wheel of anew and unfamiliar, but awesome car. If you’re looking for a new car, I highly recommend getting on the internet and going to either Puente Hills Nissan or to find what you’re searching for. It doesn’t matter if you pick the car, however, if you end up cruising around inside a new Nissan, the chances are excellent that you will. Good luck with your important discussion, and honesty, fun and remember make all of the hardest discussions with your kids, productive.

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There are people carriers and there are family wagons that do the identical job without looking like the rear end of any bus.

Indeed, just because you have a troupe of toddlers doesn’t mean to mention you have to quit on a touch of automotive style.

And that’s where new Citroën Grand C4 Picasso comes in.

Stylish outside and in

The seven-seat multi-purpose vehicle (MPV) is sleek and way more dynamic than most of its rivals.

From its Leds to its de rigueur alloy wheels and tinted glass, the French motor looks the organization.

Yet, inside is where everything really counts. Citroën’s focus on choice and detail of materials makes the quality of finish on board the latest Grand C4 Picasso amongst the very best in class.

The standard panoramic windscreen and optional large glass roof (fitted to my flagship test model) bathe the cabin in natural light.

Through the night, white LED lighting further enhances your senses by creating a cosy and intimate atmosphere.

Spacious and innovative

On the practical side, the vehicle has three rows of seats.

The asymmetrically designed upholstery in the front gives the look of a sofa, while row two houses three independent chairs with sliding bases and tilting backs.

Access to tier three is made effortless by a cutting-edge, one-handed tilt-and-slide mechanism.

With all the individual flat-folding row three seats stowed away along with concertina covers in place, the vast boot can guzzle 632-litres of luggage - or as much as 793-litres with the row-two chairs in their forward-most position.

Folding both tiers of rear seats flat provides 2,181 litres of stowage.

Access is created easy on account of the wide opening wrap-around tailgate design, large unimpeded aperture, the absence of a lip and flat-load floor.

Rubbing you up correctly

A need for functionality doesn’t mean there shouldn’t be other creature comforts hidden in the cabin.

Because much to my delight I discovered the car provides you with a cheeky little rubdown on command, far from it. You see, limited to the class are Citroën’s front massaging seats.

You can raise the kneading sensation to suit your needs - and it works a treat.

There’s also a RELAX function, which allows your front passenger to stretch their legs out and experience first-class travel.

RELAX headrests are also available on rows one and two for optimum neck support.

Impressive on the road

So, what’s it like behind the wheel? Well, driveability is a key strength in the fresh Citroën Grand C4 Picasso.

The seven-inch touchpad puts each of the in-car functions such as dual-zone air navigation, telephone, audio, driving and conditioning aids, within easy reach.

Traveling, the new-generation vehicle is easier to manage and more manoeuvrable than its forerunner.

Its reduced weight and lower centre of gravity combine to produce a balance between wellbeing and well-mannered road holding.

vibration and Acoustic comfort are also noteworthy thanks to a power power steering system that minimises any road shudder transmitted from the tarmac to the steering column.

As you might expect from a new car with a high level of equipment, the Citroën ensures safety for occupants spanning various ages.

Like the five-seat C4 Picasso, the Grand C4 Picasso has been awarded a five-star Euro NCAP safety rating.


A super light two-seater, mid-engine sports car, the 4C will mark Alfa’s return to the States in the event it goes on sale this summer at Maserati dealerships. This striking car is powered by way of a 1.7-liter turbo four that cranks out 237 horsepower and uses a dual-clutch six-speed automated manual which can be shifted manually. With its light 2,600-lb. curb weight, low center of gravity, and a race-car-like weight distribution, the 4C promises to be an enthusiast-focused car.

4-Shopping Around


When it comes to building a big purchase, there’s no excuse because of not shopping around. And then figure out that you could have gotten a much better deal at the lot across the street, it’s only because you didn’t do your research, if you purchase a car. Some on-line research will significantly help, and help you save a lot of money, with regards to a big purchase like a new car and let’s face the facts, a new car is a big purchase for almost anyone.


There are various dealerships in almost every city, and you may not know what one is right for you right from the start. That’s okay. Take the time to visit their websites, like Nissan Temecula and their website,, and learn a little about each. Read about their staff, familiarize yourself with their inventory and the types of cars they feature, and peruse the specials to see the amount of money that you can save by shopping there. When you visit more dealership websites, you’ll naturally begin to limit the field and know what kind of cars you prefer and don’t like. Then you’ll have the capacity to visit the lots that offer the specific cars you’re interested in, speak to the sales people, and see that you feel comfortable shopping and that has the best deals going on. It’s always important to be sure you’re happy and comfortable by using a dealership before buying because it’s likely that you’ll find yourself bringing your automobile back to the dealership for routine maintenance like oil changes for around the first several years that you have it. Be certain the dealership is a place you want to be and even request a guided tour. Before you decide to buy, check out the service center yourself.


A Brand New York woman was left dumbfounded when she found out that the storm door she had purchased was so difficult to put together that she'd must pay a professional $200 to make it happen for her. And a Consumer Reports staff member was disappointed after investing in a $100 electronic activity tracker only to find out that it transmits data on the iPhone, never to the Android phone he owns.

You may avoid these sorts of post-purchase regrets by reading the product manual or instructions before buying that new computer, appliance and car or another expensive or technologically complex item. Such documentation increasingly is available for download from manufacturer websites (typically in pdf format). Since you'll need to read it anyway after the purchase, why not do so before buying and possibly avoid some disappointing surprise along with the feeling which you wasted your money?

What you find could make the visible difference between whether you buy a product, choose another model or make, or forgo the acquisition. It can also be a sobering counter to the advertising hype or sales pitch that took your attention away from all the not-so-stellar details you'll wish you have known about before you handed over your credit card and lugged that monstrosity home.

Just thumbing through the manual or instructions can remind you of those things you meant to ask about before you got googly-eyed over the prospect of owning that latest, greatest new gadget. Or it might make you think of questions to ask.

A specifications page in the manual can help you evaluate if that refrigerator is too big for the space you have for doing it or whether that home entertainment system receiver can work with a record turntable without your having to buy additional equipment.

Reading the manual or instructions also may help you plan your purchase. Should you buy special cables for the new TV? Did you make sure to hire a plumber to install a water line for the ice maker that is included with your new fridge? If you want to read or burn CDs or DVDs with that new laptop, will you must purchase a separate, external drive?

Of course, reading the manual or instructions isn't the only method you can find out what extras you'll need, and it's just part of the research you should do when considering a major purchase. You also should read the product description and any list of frequently asked questions, as well as seek out user and professional reviews, such as those in Consumer Reports. But reviewing the documentation could be the piece that makes the main difference.

What to do

Here are some of the things you should look when going through the manual or instructions.

Warranty and technical support. Often the manual is where you’ll find the written warranty. Discover exactly what it covers, what it excludes, and how long it lasts. What do you have to do to file a claim? If you have to return the item to the manufacturer, and who covers the price of shipping it back, who pays? Does the manual include a list of service centers that you can call or consider the product to for repairs? Is there one near you if so? How do you begin getting technical support? Is there a toll-free phone number? Is the warranty transferable to subsequent owners?

Readability and accuracy. Evaluate the manual or instructions. Are they well-organized and easy to read, especially for things that have a lot of features, require assembly, or that otherwise aren’t easy to set up or use, including computers? Could it be likely that you'll find whatever you're looking for in the manual? What is the table of contents or index?

Features. Confirm the item actually has the features and capabilities you want. For instance, does that washing machine have automatic dispensers for bleach, detergent, and fabric softener or an extra rinse cycle if you're sensitive to detergent residue? If you have small children, or a cook time/delay feature that lets you select when cooking starts and ends, does that new oven feature a control lockout, a recommended feature?

Compatibility. Does that software deal with your Mac or PC? Will that elliptical exerciser fit in your basement with enough clearance for you personally step to on it without hitting your head on the ceiling? Does that new car run on regular fuel? Alternatively, will you go broke feeding it premium?

, and setup.assembly and Installation Does the product requireassembly and installation? Alternatively, setup? If so, can you do it yourself or will you must pay someone? Maybe after reading the manual or instructions, you'll understand that you were crazy thinking you might install that garbage disposal yourself. Perhaps you don't hold the technical savvy to set up that wireless router and theprinters and computers, as well as other devices you'd like to hook up to it. In case the manual or instructions leave you in doubt, try out a web search to see how good others did. Our tests of closet organizers found cellular phone instructions on several models to be unclear or wrong. Perhaps with further research you'll find that someone has posted a YouTube video to help you overcome the documentation's shortcomings.

Maintenance. What kind of maintenance does this product require? Equally as with setup and installation, is it possible to do it yourself or will it need a professional? Just how much does the constant maintenance cost? By way of example, does that new car have a timing belt rather than a chain, requiring you to spend hundreds of dollars every 100,000 miles or more to replace it (or possibly risk destroying your engine, among our staff members did)? Does that new smart phone have batteries that may be replaced only by the manufacturer? What if your brand-new product contains lightbulbs, belts, or filters? Can you change them yourself? Are replacements widely available, or must you buy them in the manufacturer at astronomical cost?

, and other add-ons.Accessories and subscriptions Find out what additional items you may need to purchase to get that product to actually work or supply the advanced functions or performance you need. Intend to mulch or bag your grass with that new riding lawnmower? Figure on spending another $50 to $500 for a kit. And what about subscriptions? Sure, don't rely on it unless you're happy to pay extra to subscribe to the service that delivers the info, although that car maker heralded the power of its high-tech communications system to provide live traffic and weather.

Naturally, the manual probably won't tell you the fee for extras, installation, or maintenance. But it can clue you in on what to research further before buying-that is, unless you're planning o make use of a crystal ball instead. But that probably has a manual, too!


For a lot of us, cars are imperative to the functioning of our own daily lives, and whenever they breakdown, our normal routines can be completely derailed. The stress of repairing your car only can make it worse. Here's how to get ready for unexpected car trouble so you can more easily rebound when life throws a wrench.P

This post originally appeared on ReadyForZero.P

A couple weeks ago, my parents' car wouldn't start-during an ice storm. They got it towed and my dad took a few days off from work to deal with mechanics, insurance companies, and car dealerships. Cut to three weeks later and they have their car back but they're out a few hundred dollars plus some weeks in their lives.P

Hearing my parents talk about this issue for weeks from my home in sunny (well, foggy) California, I could possibly relate neither to the ice storms nor the car issues. Ever since I moved to The Big Apple and then San Francisco, I shed the worries of car ownership. I'd forgotten how stressful it could be. But it only took a few calls with my parents for your memories to come crashing returning to me.P

Now that things are all back to normal for my parents, it got me thinking about what I would do after this situation if I were still a car owner. Here are a few tips that I would've given my past self-and which helped my parents tremendously.

Mechanics are like doctors: we tend not to take into account them until we really need one, at which point we're already desperate. This is certainly no approach to take about handling an emergency. Within the situation with my parents, they were lucky that they already had a mechanic they trusted. He surely could quickly identify the issue, understand their warranty, and send them specifically to a dealership that he knew had dealt with this particular issue before.P

This saved my parents hours of searching for help and potentially thousands of dollars. Require a lesson through the page in their book: Prior to need one, find a mechanic you trust now. It's more than definitely worth the energy and time you'll save in the future. Remember, all cars experience an issue at some point.

Organize Your Paperwork and Know the Terms

One more thing that helped my parents was keeping their insurance and warranty paperwork handy. This saved countless would-be telephone calls with the insurance company. Plus, since my parents brought their paperwork on the mechanic, he knew without delay what the problem was (a recall on his or her car) and where they can go to be covered.P

Being able to grab all the paperwork you need in an emergency will work wonders for your stress level and bank account. So even though it might feel unnecessary right now, try to find your insurance and warranty paperwork in addition to anything else connected with your car and place it inside an easily accessible folder. That way you can reach it in a moment's notice.P

While you're at it, fully familiarize yourself with your eligibility for monetary relief in case of car troubles. Do you have a warranty? Learn how much or exactly what it covers and once it expires. What about your car or truck insurance terms? What's your deductible? Is towing included? Have you enrolled for AAA? Finally, be on the lookout for recalls on your car - that way you can spot a problem before you're stuck in an ice storm. Go to to check on for recalls every couple of months.

Build an automobile Emergency Fund

We talk a lot about emergency funds, but have you considered opening one specifically for your vehicle? You'll have something to turn to besides a charge card for unexpected car expenses if you can save a few hundred dollars or higher. You could also take advantage of this emergency fund to give a cushion therefore you never skip those regular tune-ups and oil changes - things that will keep your car running smoother, longer.P

If you have a long commute, live in a rural area, or are now living in a city that doesn't have reliable public transit, then you probably have to own an auto. It's an integral to your livelihood but also a drain on your bank account (Could there be anything about cars that isn't expensive? ). Preparation will help reduce the stress you'd feel when emergency situations arise, however. And in those moments, the quicker you can get back to normal, the better.""

Getting into the mindset of doing it is the real trick, even though @@@@@""In relation to saving in the future, we all know we ought to. Finance blog Early Retirement Extreme supplies a mental test for all spending decisions: will this press the accelerator towards your financial goals? Alternatively, the brakes? P

It's one thing for all of us to view our financial decisions as a worthwhile indulgence. It's another to imagine that, because we've socked $20 away this month, that all of our other purchases are valid because, Well, I saved! To obtain a perspective on what's really getting in the right path, Early Retirement Extreme offers a simple analogy: P

A simple way to take into account personal finance, and this is really all you need to learn, is to think about yourself as driving a car towards a destination. Let's assume the car is an automatic. Then it will have an accelerator plus a brake. For each and every action, you take, you have to stop and consider this: If I take part in this activity am I pressing the accelerator or the brake, generally if i do this;?

...To obtain ahead, you have to either press the accelerator harder or ease in the brake. Apparently lots of people are certainly not fully aware about just how hard they're flooring the brake. Therefore do this exercise. Every time you touch something, ask yourself whether this item has accelerated your income or whether it has decreased your savings.

Of course, we all have to hit the brakes sometimes. However, whenever you can count $1,000 worth of braking decisions every month versus $100 worth of acceleration, it may be a chance to re-evaluate your priorities.

Once you graduate you will find the entire world in front of you, and while that’s extremely exciting, it can also be really scary and daunting. Sure, there’s nothing that beats living it to force you into determining your own method of doing things out there, even when you can learn from your elders some best practice procedures for making it in the world. One of the hardest things to do is to save money and use your intro-level income to make it in the world. So, just how can a brand new college grad get by on his new college grad pay? Here some tips they may not let you know in college.

Ramen Noodles


Ramen noodles, the age old college kid and recent college grad food for people with no money. It’s a sign of poverty, financial hardship, and overall terrible place in life. But it doesn’t have to be! It merely requires a little creativity and you can turn the same boring and cheap ramen noodles into an actual legitimate meal. We love to add fresh veggies for the soup - broccoli works good. Also, you can drop an egg into the broth halfway through and make it a makeshift egg drop soup. Also, ensure you have sriracha and you’ve got your viable gourmet meal for under $1!

Used Car


Obviously you have to invest in a used car when you need to get an automobile unless you have rich parents who buy you a car as a graduation present, which can hardly be counted on for most normal people. Just make sure are searching for a used car, you can’t just go to CraigsList and to get a car there, who knows what you’re going to get. It truly makes plenty of sense to go to a dealer like used cars anaheim and get something off their lot. As you may spend a few extra dollars over what you might be able to get online, the peace of mind is worth it. Have a look at their site to view what kind of options you have and you’ll be impressed using the diversity - Spending less now might cost you later on.

Communal Living


Another easy way to save money and get some life experience is to live in a flat with a number of other people. It’s not ideal, but it could possibly get your rent down low, since not simply with the room be cheaper but the utilities will be split multiple ways, and also it’s great life experience. You won’t be capable of getting away with living such as that even in your late 20’s, so might as well buy it out of the way now. You’ll find out about life, about cooperation, about how to deal with frustration and sharing with people who suck at sharing. Also awfully good experience, while saving money., though it will probably be awful


A pure plug-in EV is only a motor as well as a rack of batteries. A Hybrid is a combination of electric motor and internal combustion engine both of which can drive the wheels. Until technology and infrastructure comes along to solve the battery charging issue, the immediate solution is ER-EVs - extended-range electric vehicles. ER-EVs are essentially EVs but with an onboard mechanism of generating more electricity on the go. Generating electricity when you drive isn't a new idea, there are several types of doing it at the moment, and these are utilized in various combinations to help range-boost electric vehicles.

Regenerative braking. Similar to the same system in a hybrid vehicle, regenerative braking turns the electrical motor into an electric generator when you slow. The potential energy of the car traveling at speed is turned directly into electricity to help recharge the batteries. Unless you're completely gullible, you are aware of the idea that a perpetual motion device is impossible, so you can't drive an EV up a hill then brake all the way down the other side to recuperate 100% of the charge you used in the climb. Regenerative braking raises the range but could never fully recharge the batteries.

Internal combustion generators. If you've ever seen, heard or travelled on a train in the last few decades, you'll have experienced a diesel-electric engine at some point. These systems add a small internal combustion engine to the mix but instead than connecting it on the transmission (like a hybrid), the engine is used solely for operating a generator to recharge the onboard batteries. Imagine a golf cart with an emergency Honda power generator associated with the back of it and you obtain the picture. This is exactly what the Chevy Volt was meant to be in its original design, as said before at the top of the page. The engine recharges it, the advantage of these systems is a hugely increased range because now you're not the battery's bitch any longer - if it starts to run low. Once the engine runs low on petrol or diesel, you fill the tank.

Fisker Karma ER-EV

A good instance of this particular kind of technology was the Fisker Karma. It had two electric motors rated at a combined 402hp that drove the rear wheels, driven from the 600lb lithium-ion battery pack. Up front there was a 2 litre turbocharged petrol engine connected to a generator that came on when the battery range dropped to 15%. There is an onboard fuel tank that fed the petrol engine that, Fisker claimed, range-boosted the Fisker from a battery-only 50 miles up to 300 miles. And even for good measure, Fisker added a roof loaded with solar panels to help you recharge the battery pack too. Interestingly, the Karma did not produce enough power to run the electric motors at their full 400 hp unless the battery was full as well as the generator was running at the same time. In that case it was at the driver's command by way of a steering-wheel mounted switch that flicked it from 'Stealth' mode to 'Sport' mode.

Fisker ran into legal and financial troubles in 2013 and basically ceased trading facing financial meltdown and an inability to deliver cars on their customers.


The summer driving season will be here before you know it, of course, if you're about to hit the highway, it goes without saying that you would like your ride to look great!

If you have a fairly new car, its paint job probably still looks pretty good, but unless you regularly wax and wash your car, it won't be long before the hue starts to fade and rock chips commence to rust.

Paint manufacturers recommend people wash their cars weekly, and wax at least three times a year, but few people follow-through. Among the most common excuses: It's too much bother; I don't like to do it and I don't have time.

However, you may want to rethink your priorities, if you want a appealing car. Waxing does more than help maintain that fresh-from-the-factory look. It might prevent damage to your paint and protect from environmental damage including acidrain and salt. Alternatively, even the sun's ultraviolent rays that will fade paint color over time.

Also remember that regular cleaning in the exterior will not only extend its life but also later add to the car's overall resale value.

Is has to be done over and over again, but when I tell people that's no more the case, their jaws drop, says Glenn Canady, president of 5Star Technologies,. Which is The biggest complaint I read about waxing.

His company has created a 2-step polish called 5 Star Shine which utilizes PTFE (the same substance that creates nonstick cookware so slippery) to protect the paint. After you wipe it on the car, the polish bonds for the molecules of your paint for unbeatable shine and protection that will last for five years with a new car and three years for a used car with good paint.

Protecting your car's paint isn't the only thing you want to do before setting off on a summer road trip. The Vehicle Care Council also recommends you:

* Check and perhaps top from the car's fluids: antifreezecoolant and transmission, engine oil, brake fluid, washer fluid, power steering gasoline and fluid.

* Inspect air filter. This strains the impurities and must be changed at recommended intervals to be able to protect the engine.

* Make surewindshields and headlights, window glass, signal wipers, mirrors and lights/blades are in good shape.

* Look at the brakes to make sure they're in good working order.

* Test the battery.

* Look into the tires. Ensure that the tire tread is deep enough; the tires are properly inflated and have been correctly aligned, balanced and rotated.